Adhatoda Vasica, also known as Vasaka, is a widely used plant drug and medicinal herb in Ayurvedic, Siddha, Unani, and Homeoathic medicinal preparations. It has been used for treating various illnesses and disorders. The entire plant is considered very effective in curing many ailments. The leaves are of particular importance and used in the treatment of asthma, bronchitis, tuberculosis and other diseases. It is used as expectorant, antispasmodic, antihelminthic, antiseptic, and bronchodilator.
What is Adhatoda Vasica (Vasaka)?
Adhatoda Vasica is a very important and well-known medicinal herb where leaf, flower, root, and the whole plant are used for preparing many drug formulations. Adhatoda Vasica is a tall, branched, dense, evergreen shrub and has large, leathery, and spear-shaped leaves. The leaves are oppositely arranged, smooth-edged, and borne on short petioles. The flowers are usually whitish pink/purple color and the inflorescence shows large, dense, and axillary spikes. This highly useful medicinal plant is native of India, occurs throughout the plains and in the lower regions of Himalayas.
Chemical Composition Of Adhatoda Vasica
The leaves of the drug Adhatoda Vasica contain phytochemicals such as alkaloids, tannins, saponins, phenolics and flavonoids. The plant leaves contain vasicine, a quinazoline alkaloid, and an essential oil. It also has other chemicals with potential biological and medicinal properties such as Luteolin, Tritriacontane, B- Sitosterol, Kaempferol, 3- Sophoroside, Adhatodic acid, q-Hydroxyvasicinine, Vit –C, vasicol. Vasicinol, Vaicinolone, Adhatodine, Adhavasinone, Anisotine, Carotene, Vasakin, Vasicinone, Vascicolone, Vasicolinone, etc. Deoxy-vasicinone has antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and antidepressant activities.
Medicinal Uses of Adhatoda Vasica
Owing to its vast medicinal uses and health benefits, this plant is used in the management of pain, asthma, cold, cough, inflammation, bronchitis, diabetes, diarrhea, dysentery and other upper respiratory diseases. It is a primary medicinal plant used mainly in the treatment of respiratory tract ailments. It is also used to heal wounds and is utilized as an insecticide and as abortifacient. The medicinal drug, Adhatoda Vasica is made of fresh or dried leaves, which contain an essential oil and alkaloid vasicine. It softens the thick sputum, facilitates its discharge and thus can bring quick relief in bronchitis. It is usually given in the form of juice, syrup or decoction.
Health Benefits Of Adhatoda Vasica
For respiratory problems: Adhatoda Vasica is an effective medicinal herb in the management of respiratory ailments such as cough, bronchitis, asthma, etc. It expands the airways and provides great relief to the bronchitis patients. It is a popular Ayurvedic medicine used as an expectorant and helps to ease out the discharge of phlegm.
For Tuberculosis: Adhatoda Vasica is known for anti-microbial properties and hence is helpful in treating tuberculosis. It also has a positive impact in treating cough and bronchitis.
For Arthritis: The anti-inflammatory properties of are effective in curing joint pain and also help to reduce arthritis swelling
To Purify Blood: The nut of Adhatoda Vasica is good for purifying of blood. It helps in increasing the blood count and also in lowering of blood pressure. It is also good for the health of heart acts like as a cardiac tonic.
To Balance Doshas: Adhatoda Vasica balances Pitta and Kapha doshas. It helps to balance Pitta and good for the health of liver and gall bladder. As a Kapha Dosha balancing herb, Adhatoda Vasica is one of the main ingredients of Kabasura Kudineer, an effective concoction against cold, cough, flu, fever, and respiratory disorders.
For a clear voice: Adhatoda Vasica helps in clarity of voice.
For Fever: Adhatoda Vasica is an effective herb for curing fever, vomiting, sugar, bleeding disorders and leprosy.
For Dyspnea: Adhatoda Vasica helps in curing Dyspnea by improving the lung function and its effectiveness.
Precautions While Consuming Adhatoda Vasica
- The medicinal formulations made of Adhatoda Vasica should be taken only after consultation of physician.
- Over dosageof Adhatoda Vasica can lead to many adverse effects. Hence, caution is needed.
- Pregnant women should not take Adhatoda Vasica, as it has a great impact on the uterus
- Adhatoda Vasica lowers the blood sugar level; therefore diabetic patients should take only under medical prescription